Prajapati, Creation & Pūrva Phalguṇī

Prajapati is the ultimate creator, creating the heavens, the earth, and all creatures living in the universe (including us humans).

The Taittiriya Brahmana states that Prajapati continually created living creatures out of the sacrifices made to the devata. Prajapati was originally alone in the world, so to ease his loneliness he split himself into both masculine and feminine entities. Who knows, perhaps an original form of Sarasvātī came first and split herself into two, forming Brahma and releasing her Śakti. As two, masculine and feminine, they were then able to procreate and birth the race of man. Prajapati is, in a way, the God of Genesis, while Brahma and Sarasvātī are much like Adam and Eve.

Prajapati (Brahama) desired his consort, the devi Sarasvātī, at first sight. As every living thing is Prajapati’s child, including Sarasvātī, his desire was seen as undesirable in the eyes of the devata, who felt that Sarasvātī was clearly Prajapati’s daughter. However, when he split himself into two, he was in a way no longer singly the creator, the father, of Sarasvātī. Although she might have been considered the daughter of the genderless Prajapati, she was clearly the other half of Brahma. He was her equal. But to the devata this puts Brahma in an impossible situation, as the creator of the universe could never desire another living thing, as they are all his children. The devata then informed Śiva of this and suggested that Brahma be punished. In response, Śiva threw his trident, piercing Prajapati (Brahma). The resulting injury caused Brahma’s semen to fall to the ground.

When the anger of the overseeing devata subsided and cool heads prevailed they decided it would be wise to save the creator deva, as without him all of creation would come to an end. They used the spilled semen in the sacrifice and gave it to Bhaga, who may have a connection with Bhrigu, one of Brahma’s sons, to consume. Bhaga is also Pūrva Phalguṇī‘s presiding deva. But the light of Brahma’s semen was so strong that when Bhaga looked at it it burned his eyes immediately. Bhrigu who is also supposed to be blind in one eye. Then the devata gave it to Pusan, but it knocked his teeth out. Brihaspati, who is son of Angiraa, who was son of Bhrigu, then advised the devata to give it to Savitr (the Sun), whose strong physically creative energy could cause the semen to transform into a birthed being, and therefore it would no longer have the power to harm. They took his advice, and Brahma’s creative energy was restored – thanks to Brihaspati and Savitr.

Śūkra (Venus), the ruling planet of the naksatra of Pūrva Phalguṇī, signifies Brahma’s powerful semen. Prajapati’s myth shows that creation is complicated and difficult. Prajapati was not allowed to love his own creation and Bhaga’s involvement made him lose his eyes/eyesight. Of course, everything here is symbolic. These eyes of Bhaga can refer to our ability to be rational, that is to see with our own eyes the true nature of something. Similarly, Śūkra’s naksatra of Pūrva Phalguṇī may love what it creates and may not be able to see life (the fruits of creativity) or children (physical forms of creativity) in balance and with detachment, as they are blind to their faults.1

Brahma and Sarasvati

Brahma and Sarasvati


  1. Komilla Sutton. The Nakshatras. p. 116. 

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