Relationships Between Sūrya & Candra

Sun & Moon (Sūrya & Candra) as a Pair

All visible graha (planets) rule two rāśis, but the luminaries Sūrya and Candra (सूर्य & चन्द्र) only rule one apiece. I often consider these two graha a single entity, as if they are a pair which operate as one, and as a pair, then, they rule two rāśis of the zodiac as the other graha do.

In the Rāśis: Simha & Karka (Leo & Cancer)

Cancer is not emotional because it’s emotional. Cancer is emotional because it is so sensitive. Cancer must be emotional because emotion is essential to release the intense prana being absorbed. Cancers are not hard-shell… they are definitely soft-shell. So much is absorbed, and this energy must remain in motion. It cannot be contained. It must be expressed, felt. Cancer, then absorbs, while its opposite, Leo, emits. While Cancer feels, exerts energy through emotion, Leo exerts energy through action. Like all other rashis, each pair being two opposite sides of the same graha, Cancer and Leo each represent the self-pair of Candra/Sūrya. The absorbing, emotional, prana self and the emitting, active, apana/upana self. Leo releases and Cancer contains. It may appear to a person on the outside of that Self that a Cancer ascendant, for example, has a containing shell. The shell, really, only represents what acts as both the shield that helps regulate external energy and karma like a high-security checkpoint. Complimentary, it may also act as a blockage of outward active, physically manifested energy – indicating a preference to release energy internally instead of externally.

Power & Illumination

While we experience Sūrya through action, we experience Candra through emotion.

Candra is soft, nourishing, rejuvenating, growing light to the observer, while Sūrya is harsh, depleting light to the observer that requires strength to maintain. Both, however, have powers to heal: Sūrya as the giver of vitality, a strong immune system, and physical support and Candra as the giver of nourishment and mental and emotional support.

Because Sūrya doesn’t absorb, doesn’t accept, and is all-illuminating, Sūrya and Simha (Leo) by nature don’t consider advisement. They are masculine, penetrative with the divine. Candra and Karka (Cancer) and are feminine, receiving, and penetrated by the divine.

The Sun is seen as the representation if what is released because we are on the receiving end, while the Moon is a representation of what is absorbed, just as it us subject to the influence of our own Collective on Earth.

Just as energy is neither created nor truly destroyed, Sūrya, the significator of world bliss (BTW, is this because he is in complete control… Or has the *potential* to?), must get his energy from somewhere. He cannot simply manifest his power without a source. That source is the prana, the Shakti. It is Chandra. Like Shiva and Shakti, Shiva grounds Shakti (provides a method for stable release) and Shakti powers Shiva. The Shakti of our Sun, which powers most of our solar system, is simply a result of matter being drawn together via gravity, leading to both increased mass and gravity at a central point and the fusion or joining of disparate parts (like Virgo). So, perhaps, Surya is the point at which the Shakti of the entire system is released due to the existence of the system itself. It is not solely responsible for its power… rather a result and representation of the combines entities which constitute it. If Sūrya in a chart is weak, maybe its general collection and output of power is as well.

Just as the Sun is at the center of the solar system and therefore the emitter of energy as a result of all existing matter, Sūrya can’t help but to shine. He can’t be stopped unless influenced by Rahu-Ketu. He is the center of attention, and the significator of worldly bliss.

Effects of Energy/Illumination of Sūrya & Chandra

Just as the Sun and Moon emit light and illuminate, they also have power sources.
The Sun would be nothing without the mass of what gravitates towards it. It is the power of its followers and those who are drawn to it that feed its power. The culmination of this power is what creates the light that shines on its followers, the other facets of our selves.
Chandra (Crescent)

Chandra (Crescent). Artwork courtesy: Drdha Vrata Gorrick.

The Moon’s illumination is simply a reflection of the Sun’s light, but redirected through the lens of the mind and its expressive power: emotion. Instead of being harsh and overpowering, the Moon is soft, soothing, and even nurturing. The Moon itself, however, is subject to the strength of the Sun. If the Sun is excessively strong, the Moon absorbs much more light. And as the Moon is not designed to be a nuclear reactor, it is more sensitive to the harshness of the Sun – much more so than the other facets of our selves. Because of this, the Moon, representative of our connection with others and feeling through the Maya, can become less helpful and more disturbing, causing emotional turmoil, instability, and responsible for unstable, negative emotional releases.


The Moon is a representation of what is absorbed, just as it us subject to the influence of our own Collective on Earth. The Sun is seen as the representation if what is released because we are on the receiving end.

One must acknowledge all dual constituents in a chart. With a strong Sun is there also an effective Moon? Surya/Chandra should really be considered two sides of the same coin, just as Rahu/Ketu. The rest can be evaluated dualistically via their rāśis.

Just as the graha represent different aspects of the Self, we all represent different aspects of the Collective. It’s okay not to be “balanced,” so long as the Collective karma has a positive, creative bankroll.

It is said that without Surya there is no time. No meter. No rhythm. But in reality, Surya does not cease or pause to allow for rhythm. It is our own waxing and waning on Earth as the Collective which makes the power appear to come and go. It is our own movement that creates the distinction between Surya and Savitr. Movement (Vata) in complex, chaotic, manifested space puts the dualities into motion.


Surya can’t be stopped, only hidden by our own cyclical movement or by the occasional overpowering by the deep, dark trench of the inner self during a solar eclipse.

When Ketu joins Surya, no light can shine. Ketu is the material void where no Maya exists, therefore no Sun can shine in the material realm. When Ketu joins Surya our inner or past self and spirituality is illuminated. Alternatively, during a lunar eclipse, when the Moon sinks into Ketu, our emotions and sensitivity with others in the Maya fall deep into a near material void – all while the Sun is released wholly into our limitless, forward, future-directed existence in this illusion (and, of course, delusion). Voids aren’t necessarily bad. They provide opportunity for reflection without external influence.

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